Europe Mycotoxins Legislation

 Aflatoxins   
CommodityΒ1 (μg/Kg)Total (μg/Kg)M1 (μg/Kg)
2.1.1Groundnuts (peanuts) and other oilseeds, to be subjected to sorting, or other physical treatment, before human consumption or use as an ingredient in foodstuffs, with the exception of: — groundnuts (peanuts) and other oilseeds for crushing for refined vegetable oil production815-
2.1.2Almonds, pistachios and apricot kernels to be subjected to sorting, or other physical treatment, before human consumption or use as an ingredient in foodstuffs1215-
2.1.3Hazelnuts and Brazil nuts, to be subjected to sorting, or other physical treatment, before human consumption or use as an ingredient in foodstuffs815-
2.1.4Tree nuts, other than the tree nuts listed in 2.1.2 and 2.1.3, to be subjected to sorting,
or other physical treatment, before human consumption or use as an ingredient
in foodstuffs
510-
2.1.5Groundnuts (peanuts) and other oilseeds and processed products thereof, intended for direct human consumption or use as an ingredient in foodstuffs, with the exception of: — crude vegetable oils destined for refining — refined vegetable oils24-
2.1.6Almonds, pistachios and apricot kernels, intended for direct human consumption or use as an ingredient in foodstuffs810-
2.1.7Hazelnuts and Brazil nuts, intended for direct human consumption or use as an ingredient in foodstuffs510-
2.1.8Tree nuts, other than the tree nuts listed in 2.1.6 and 2.1.7, and processed products thereof, intended for direct human consumption or use as an ingredient in foodstuffs24-
2.1.9Dried fruit, other than dried figs, to be subjected to sorting, or other physical treatment, before human consumption or use as an ingredient in foodstuffs510-
2.1.10Dried fruit, other than dried figs, and processed products thereof, intended for direct human consumption or use as an ingredient in foodstuffs24-
2.1.11All cereals and all products derived from cereals, including processed cereal products, with the exception of foodstuffs listed in 2.1.12, 2.1.15 and 2.1.1724-
2.1.12Maize and rice to be subjected to sorting or other physical treatment before human consumption or use as an ingredient in foodstuffs510-
2.1.13Raw milk, heat-treated milk and milk for the manufacture of milk-based products--0.05
2.1.14Following species of spices: Capsicum spp. (dried fruits thereof, whole or ground,
including chillies, chilli powder, cayenne and paprika) Piper spp. (fruits thereof,
including white and black pepper) Myristica fragrans (nutmeg) Zingiber officinale
(ginger) Curcuma longa (turmeric) Mixtures of spices containing one or more of the
abovementioned spices
510-
2.1.15Processed cereal-based foods and baby foods for infants and young children0.1--
2.1.16Infant formulas and follow-on formulas, including infant milk and follow-on milk--0.025
2.1.17Dietary foods for special medical purposes intended specifically for infants--0.025
2.1.18Dried figs610-
 Ochratoxin A 
Commodity(μg/Kg)
2.2.1Unprocessed cereals5
2.2.2All products derived from unprocessed cereals, including processed cereal products and cereals intended for direct human consumption with the exception of foodstuffs listed in 2.2.9, 2.2.10 and 2.2.133
2.2.3Dried vine fruit (currants, raisins and sultanas)10
2.2.4Roasted coffee beans and ground roasted coffee, excluding soluble coffee5
2.2.5Soluble coffee (instant coffee)10
2.2.6Wine (including sparkling wine, excluding liqueur wine and wine with an alcoholic strength of not less than 15 % vol) and fruit wine2
2.2.7Aromatised wine, aromatised wine-based drinks and aromatised wine-product cocktails2
2.2.8Grape juice, concentrated grape juice as reconstituted, grape nectar, grape must and concentrated grape must as reconstituted, intended for direct human consumption2
2.2.9Processed cereal-based foods and baby foods for infants and young children0.5
2.2.10Dietary foods for special medical purposes intended specifically for infants0.5
2.2.11Spices, including dried spices:
Piper spp (fruits thereof, including white and black pepper), Myristica fragrans (nutmeg), Zingiber officinale (ginger), Curcuma longa (turmeric), Capsicum spp. (dried fruits thereof, whole or ground, including chillies, chilli powder, cayenne
and paprika)
Mixtures of spices containing one of the abovementioned spices
15
2.2.12Liquorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra, Glycyrrhiza inflate and other species)-
2.2.13Liquorice root, ingredient for herbal infusion20
2.2.14Liquorice extract ( 42 ), for use in food in particular beverages and confectionary80
2.2.15Wheat gluten not sold directly to the consumer8
 Patulin 
Commodity(μg/Kg)
2.3.1Fruit juices, concentrated fruit juices as reconstituted and fruit nectars50
2.3.2Spirit drinks, cider and other fermented drinks derived from apples or containing apple juice50
2.3.3Solid apple products, including apple compote, apple puree intended for direct consumption with the exception of foodstuffs listed below.25
2.3.4Apple juice and solid apple products, including apple compote and apple puree, for infants and young children and labelled and sold as such10
2.3.5Baby foods other than processed cereal-based foods for infants and young children10
 Deoxynivalenol 
Commodity(μg/Kg)
2.4.1Unprocessed cereals other than durum wheat, oats and maize1250
2.4.2Unprocessed durum wheat and oats1750
2.4.3Unprocessed maize, with the exception of unprocessed maize intended to be processed by wet milling1750
2.4.4Cereals intended for direct human consumption, cereal flour, bran and germ as end product marketed for direct human consumption, with the exception of foodstuffs listed in 2.4.7, 2.4.8 and 2.4.9750
2.4.5Pasta (dry)750
2.4.6Bread (including small bakery wares), pastries, biscuits, cereal snacks and breakfast cereals500
2.4.7.Processed cereal-based foods and baby foods for infants and young children200
2.4.8.Milling fractions of maize with particle size > 500 micron falling within CN code 1103 13 or 1103 20 40 and other maize milling products with particle size > 500 micron not used for direct human consumption falling within CN code 1904 10 10750
2.4.9.Milling fractions of maize with particle size ≤ 500 micron falling within CN code 1102 20 and other maize milling products with particle size ≤ 500 micron not used for direct human consumption falling within CN code 1904 10 101250
 Zearelenone 
Commodity(μg/Kg)
2.5.1Unprocessed cereals other than maize100
2.5.2Unprocessed maize with the exception of unprocessed maize intended to be processed by wet milling350
2.5.3Cereals intended for direct human consumption, cereal flour, bran and germ as end product marketed for direct human consumption, with the exception of foodstuffs listed in 2.5.6, 2.5.7, 2.5.8, 2.5.9 and 2.5.1075
2.5.4Refined ­maize oil400
2.5.5Bread (including small bakery wares), pastries, biscuits, cereal snacks and breakfast cereals, excluding maize- snacks and maize-based breakfast cereals50
2.5.6Maize intended for direct human consumption, maize- based snacks and maize-based breakfast cereals100
2.5.7Processed cereal-based foods (excluding processed maize-based foods) and baby foods for infants and young children20
2.5.8Processed maize-based foods for infants and young children20.0­
2.5.9Milling fractions of maize with particle size > 500 micron falling within CN code 1103 13 or 1103 20 40 and other maize milling products with particle size > 500 micron not used for direct human consumption falling within CN code 1904 10 10200
2.5.10Milling fractions of maize with particle size ≤ 500 micron falling within CN code 1102 20 and other maize milling products with particle size ≤ 500 micron not used for direct human consumption falling within CN code 1904 10 10300
 Fumonisins 
Commodity(μg/Kg)
2.6.1Unprocessed maize, with the exception of unprocessed maize intended to be processed by wet milling4000
2.6.2Maize intended for direct human consumption, maize- based foods for direct human consumption, with the exception of foodstuffs listed in 2.6.3 and 2.6.41000
2.6.3Maize-based breakfast cereals and maize-based snacks800
2.6.4Processed maize-based foods and baby foods for infants and young children200
2.6.5Milling fractions of maize with particle size > 500 micron falling within CN code 1103 13 or 1103 20 40 and other maize milling products with particle size > 500 micron not used for direct human consumption falling within CN code 1904 10 101400
2.6.6Milling fractions of maize with particle size ≤ 500 micron falling within CN code 1102 20 and other maize milling products with particle size ≤ 500 micron not used for direct human consumption falling within CN code 1904 10 102000
 T-2 and HT-2 toxin 
CommoditySum of T-2 and HT-2 (μg/Kg)
2.7.1Unprocessed Barley (including malting barley) and maize200
2.7.2Unprocessed Oats (with husk)1000
2.7.3Unprocessed Wheat, rye and other cereals100
2.7.4Oats for direct human consumption200
2.7.5Maize for direct human consumption100
2.7.6Other cereals for direct human consumption50
2.7.7Oat bran and flaked oats200
2.7.8Cereal bran except oat bran, oat milling products other than oat bran and flaked oats, and maize milling products100
2.7.9Other cereal milling products50
2.7.10Breakfast cereals including formed cereal flakes75
2.7.11Bread (including small bakery wares), pastries, biscuits, cereal snacks, pasta25
2.7.12Cereal-based foods for infants and young children15
 Citrinin 
Commodity(μg/Kg)
2.8.1Food supplements based on rice fermented with red yeast Monascus purpureus2000

Europe

Aflatoxins 
CommodityB1 (ppb)
All feed materials.20 ppb
Complementary and complete feed with the except of:10 ppb
- compound feed for dairy cattle and calves, dairy sheep and lambs, dairy goats and kids, piglets and young poultry animals.5 ppb
- compound feed for cattle (except dairy cattle and calves), sheep (except dairy sheep and lambs), goats (except dairy goats and kids), pigs (except piglets) and poultry (except young animals).20 ppb
Ochratoxin A 
CommodityGuidance Level (ppm)
Cereal and cereal products.0.25 ppm
Complementary and complete feeding stuffs for pigs.0.25 ppm
Complementary and complete feeding stuffs for poultry.0.1 ppm
Deoxynivalenol 
CommodityGuidance Level (μg/Kg)
Cereals and cereal products with the exception of maize by-products.8 ppm
Maize by-products.12 ppm
Complementary and complete feeding stuffs.5 ppm
Complementary and complete feeding stuffs for pigs.0.9 ppm
Complementary and complete feeding stuffs for calves (<4 months), lambs and kids.2 ppm
Ergot alkaloids (Rye Ergot; Claviceps purpurea) 
Commodityppm
Feed materials and compound feed containing unground cereals.1,000 ppm
Fumonisins 
CommodityGuidance Level
(B1 & B2)
Maize and maize based products.60 ppm
Complementary and complete feeding stuffs pigs, horses, rabbits and pet animals.5 ppm
Complementary and complete feeding stuffs for fish.10 ppm
Complementary and complete feeding stuffs for poultry, calves (<4 months), lambs and kids.20 ppm
Complementary and complete feeding stuffs for adult ruminants (>4 months) and mink.50 ppm
T-2 & HT-2 
CommodityGuidance Level (ppb)
Cereal products for feed and compound feed (*)
- Oat milling products (husks)2000 ppb
- Other cereal products500 ppb
- Compound feed, with the exception of feed for cats250 ppb
- Compound feed for cats*50 ppb
* Since November 2013
Zearalenone 
CommodityGuidance Level (ppm)
Cereal and cereal products with the exception of maize by-products.2 ppm
Maize by-products.3 ppm
Complementary and complete feeding stuffs for piglets and gilt (young sows).0.1 ppm
Complementary and complete feeding stuffs for sows and fattening pigs.0.25 ppm
Complementary and complete feeding stuffs for calves, dairy cattle, sheep (including lamb) and goats (including kids).0.5 ppm

Europe